Canada

Rocky Mountaineer

"The Best Train Experience in the World."

Travelling with Rocky Mountaineer is an unforgettable experience of the amazing Canadian nature. Romantic road winds between the rocks from Vancouver to Jasper or even to Calgary. Sightseeing tours are held only during the daylight. Passengers will experience magical moments while watching rocky peaks, glittery lakes and wild rivers. The motto of the company is to present its guests the beauty of the Canadian nature directly from the train. The train ride is tailored by day and a maximum field of vision during the journey. If there is any place of interestthe personnel informs visitors, in some cases the train slows or stops.

 

Basic information about CanadaFlag:Coat of Arms:

Name of the country: Canada, Le Canada

Area: 9 976 139 km2

Population: 35,16 mil. (July 2013)

Density: 3,5/km2

Capital city: Ottawa (1,01mil obyvateľov)

erb Kanady

 

Anthem: O Canada

O Canada!
Our home and native land!
True patriot love in all thy sons command.

With glowing hearts we see thee rise,
The True North strong and free!

From far and wide,
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

God keep our land glorious and free!
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.
O Canada, we stand on guard for thee.

 

Official languages:

English, French - at the federal level  and in the province of New Brunswick; French - in the province of Quebec; English - in other provinces


Government:
constitutional monarchy - federal parliamentary, consists of 10 provinces and three territories; head of state is the Queen of England represented by Governor General; each province has its own unicameral legislature, the government and the governor (Lieutenant Governor)

 

Heads of State


Monarch
British Queen Elizabeth II.

Formal head of state, as Canada is among the countries of the Commonwealth (Commonwealth), Queen Elizabeth II. born April 21, 1926 and crowned on February 6, 1952. In Canada, represented by the Governor General. In 1982 was adopted Constitution Act which gave the Parliament the right to amend the Canadian constitution. Until then, all constitutional amendments needed to be approved by the British Parliament.

 

 

 

 

 

Governor General
Michaelle Jean

Born September 6, 1957 is a Canadian stateswoman and former journalist who is the third and current Secretary-General of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie, after succeeding Abdou Diouf in January 2015; she is the first woman to hold the position. From 2005 to 2010, Jean was Governor General of Canada, the 27th since Canadian Confederation.

Jean was a refugee from Haiti—coming to Canada in 1968—and was raised in the town of Thetford Mines, Quebec. After receiving a number of university degrees, Jean worked as a journalist and broadcaster for Radio-Canada and the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), as well as undertaking charity work, mostly in the field of assisting victims of domestic violence. In 2005, she was appointed governor general by Queen Elizabeth II, on the recommendation of Prime Minister Paul Martin, to replace Adrienne Clarkson as vicereine and she occupied the post until succeeded by David Johnston in 2010. Early in her tenure, comments of hers recorded in some of the film works by her husband, Jean-Daniel Lafond, were construed as supporting Quebec sovereignty and her holding of dual citizenship caused doubt about her loyalties. But Jean denied separatist leanings, renounced her citizenship ofFrance, and eventually became a respected vicereine noted for her attention to the Canadian Forces, Aboriginal Canadians, and the arts, especially youth involvement in them. Jean is also currently the Special Envoy for Haiti for the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization and Chancellor of the University of Ottawa.

Michaëlle Jean was sworn in as a member of the Queen's Privy Council for Canada on September 26, 2012, giving her the accordant style of The Honourable; however, as a former Governor General of Canada, Jean is entitled to be styled for life with the superior form of The Right Honourable.

 

Prime Minister
Justin Pierre James Trudeau

Born December 25, 1971 is a Canadian politician who is the 23rd and current Prime Minister of Canada and the leader of the Liberal Party. He is the second youngest Canadian Prime Minister and child of former PM Pierre Trudeau. He gained a high public profile after he delivered a eulogy at his father’s state funeral in October 2000. He was appointed the Liberal Party’s critic for youth and multiculturalism, this was followed by critic for citizenship and immigration and in 2011 critic for secondary education and youth. In 2013 he became the leader of the Liberal Party and led his Party to victory in the 2015 federal elections.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Legislature:
federal bicameral parliament, consisting of the Senate and the House of Commons. Chairman (Speaker) of the Senate (105 senators) is Gildas Molgat. Senators are appointed by the Governor General on the recommendation of the Prime Minister (Senators appointed before 02.06.1965 have a life mandate, the mandate of senators appointed after that date applies under the age of 75 years). Speaker of the House of Commons, consisting of 301 Members, is Gilbert Parent.

Federal cabinet (government):
variable number of members - the Ministers and State Secretaries appointed by the Prime Minister. All members of the government are simultaneously Members of the House of Commons.

The main political parties and their representation in parliament:
Liberal Party - the ruling party, 172 seats in the House of Commons and 54 seats in the Senate, leader Jean Chrétien; Canadian Reform Conservative Alliance - the main opposition party, 66 seats in the House of Commons and one seat in the Senate, leader Stockwell Day (since 8.7.2000); Quebec Block (Bloc Québécois) - opposition party, 3838 seats in the House of Commons, the Senate is not represented, the leader Gilles Duceppe; New Democratic Party, opposition party, has 13 seats in the House of Commons, the Senate is not represented, the leader Alexa McDonough; Progressive Conservative Party - the opposition party, 12 seats in the House of Commons and 35 seats in the Senate, the leader Joe Clark; non-attached members have five seats in the Senate

Membership in major international organizations:
UN, NATO, G7, OSCE, OECD, NAFTA, IMF, APEC, the Organization of American States, WTO, Commonwealth, Francophonie, etc.
Currency:
1 CAD = 100 centov

Diplomatic relations:
Canada has recognized a note of the Slovak Republic from the 31. 12. 1992, bilateral relations have been established with validity from 1. 1. 1993. Ambassador of Slovakia in Ottawa is Andrej Droba. Designate Ambassador of Canada to the Slovak Republic, based in Vienna is Mark Bailey. Ambassador of Canada based in Prague is Otto Jelinek.